Macadamia, Kindal, or Australian nut, is a plant belonging to the Proteus family. Homeland of this culture is the east coast of Australia, but nowadays the United States is considered the largest supplier of its fruits to the international market. In addition, macadamia grows in India, Sri Lanka, France, Cuba, Hawaiian and Antilles.
Australian walnut is an evergreen tree with a neat crown of the correct shape. In its natural environment, the plant reaches 16 meters in height. Leathery dark green oval leaves of the culture, collected in whorls of 3-4 pieces, can reach 150 mm in width and 300 mm in length. Small cream or pink oboepoly macadamia flowers, vaguely resembling birch catkins, are collected in hanging brushes up to 250 mm long. The plant blooms at the very beginning of spring.
Macadamia fruits are spherical nuts, reaching 20 mm in diameter. Delicious nut kernels lurk under a double-skinned leathery shell that has a greenish-brown color. The fruits of the plant ripen from mid-summer to early September.
Macadamia nuts taste and aroma reminiscent of hazelnuts. The fruits of the plant are eaten raw or fried, covered with chocolate or caramel, used to prepare vegetable and fruit salads, seafood, vegetable oil. Along with this, macadamia nuts are used as a remedy in alternative medicine.
Vitamins in macadamia and the nutritional value of nuts
Nutritional value macadamia (for every 100 g):
- 7, 889 g of proteins;
- 75, 794 g of fat;
- 13, 791 g of carbohydrates;
- 8, 519 g of fiber;
- 1, 332 g of water;
- 1, 139 g of ash;
- 4, 568 g of sugars (di-, monosaccharides);
- 1, 046 g of dextrins, starch;
- 1, 289 g of omega-6 fatty acids;
- 0, 204 g of omega-3 fatty acids.
Vitamins in macadamia nuts (for every 100 g):
- 0, 159 mg of riboflavin (B2);
- 1, 192 mg of ascorbic acid (C);
- 10, 917 µg of folate (B9);
- 0, 537 mg of tocopherol equivalent (E);
- 0, 754 mg of pantothenic acid (B5);
- 1, 192 mg of thiamine (B1);
- 2, 469 mg of niacin equivalent (PP);
- 0, 271 mg of pyridoxine (B6).
Calories of macadamia fruit
- The caloric content of macadamia nuts (per every 100 g) is 717, 853 kcal.
- The caloric content of one macadamia nut (average weight is 2 g) is 14, 357 kcal.
- The caloric content of macadamia nut oil (per every 100 g) is 844, 733 kcal.
Useful items in macadamia nuts
Trace elements in macadamia nuts (for every 100 g):
- 4, 129 mg of manganese;
- 1, 294 mg of zinc;
- 3, 687 mg of iron;
- 3, 579 mcg of selenium;
- 757, 106 μg of copper.
Macroelements in macadamia nuts (for every 100 g):
- 367, 894 mg of potassium;
- 4, 992 mg of sodium;
- 84, 771 mg of calcium;
- 187, 604 mg of phosphorus;
- 129, 448 mg of magnesium.
Useful properties of macadamia nuts
- Kindalya nuts contain substances that contribute to reducing the unpleasant symptoms of migraine.
- Regular consumption of macadamia kernels in food helps older people to reduce the risk of developing disorders in the work of the heart and blood vessels.
- Compounds with antioxidant properties are present in macadamia nuts. With regular consumption of Kindal in food slows down the processes associated with the aging of the body, reduces the risk of developing benign neoplasms and cancers.
- Regular consumption of macadamia fruit strengthens bones, helps reduce the risk of osteoporosis and other bone diseases.
- As part of macadamia nuts there are substances that positively affect the work of the central nervous system and the functioning of the peripheral nervous system. Daily consumption of 3-4 fruits of this culture helps to cope with neurosis, depressive states, increased irritability, mood swings.
- Zinc and other substances present in macadamia nuts ensure the normal functioning of the genitourinary system in men, increase potency and improve the composition of the ejaculate.
- It has been established that the compounds present in the composition of Kindal contribute to the strengthening of the vessels. With regular consumption of macadamia kernels in food, the risk of developing varicose veins and telangiectasia (sustained pathological expansion of venules, arterioles and capillaries penetrating the skin) is markedly reduced.
- Macadamia nuts have tonic properties, accelerate the processes of recovery of the body after exhausting physical exertion, mental fatigue, prolonged illness.
- Vitamins and other compounds contained in the core of the macadamia nut have a positive effect on the general condition and functioning of the joints, and help reduce the risk of developing arthritis and other joint pathologies.
- Regular consumption of the fruit of macadamia helps prevent the development of beriberi.
- Compounds present in the kernels of macadamia nuts, accelerate the process of excretion of poisons, toxins, excess cholesterol, heavy metals.
- In the composition of the macadamia kernels, substances normalizing the functioning of the hematopoiesis system were found. Traditional healers recommend that people suffering from anemia regularly include them in their diet.
- Vitamins and other compounds contained in the Kindal, strengthen the body's defenses, strengthen its ability to resist infections and parasitic invasions.
- Useful substances found in macadamia kernels help to lower blood pressure. Nutritionists recommend that hypertensive patients eat 3-6 Kindal nuts daily.
- Vitamins of group B and other compounds present in macadamia kernels accelerate metabolic processes in the body, help reduce the risk of developing exchange failures. In addition, Kindal regulates the processes of lipid metabolism in the body, thereby contributing to weight loss (when consumed in food in moderate doses).
Useful properties of macadamia oil
- Oil squeezed from macadamia nuts is used to prepare a unique massage tool designed to combat obesity. At the same time, oil of Kindal is combined with sesame and olive oils, aloe juice (in equal proportions) and add to the mixture a few drops of oil extracts from lemon, lavender flowers, grapefruit and rosemary. In the resulting tool put a little pumpkin pulp or avocado and mix thoroughly. The mixture is used instead of massage oil.
- In alternative medicine, Kindal fruit oil is used as an effective and safe means to combat the unpleasant symptoms of sunburn.
- Macadamia fruit oil has a positive effect on the hair structure and their growth rate. Masks, prepared on its basis, help strengthen the hair follicles, help to effectively and quickly deal with dandruff, give the hair a beautiful shine and healthy, well-groomed appearance.
- The oil obtained from the core of the fruit of macadamia is used in cosmetology as a means of effectively softening and moisturizing the skin. In addition, it is actively used in the perfume industry.
Harmful properties of macadamia nuts and contraindications to their use
- Macadamia nuts are contraindicated for people who are prone to developing allergies.
- Macadamia nuts are high-fat, high-calorie foods. Uncontrolled consumption can lead to obesity.
- Dog owners should be aware that macadamia nuts can cause significant harm to their four-legged pets. A dog that has eaten several Kindal cores, for 12–20 hours, loses its ability to stand and move on its paws, and is seriously unwell. Unpleasant symptoms of poisoning with nuts disappear on their own after 2-2, 5 days.